Association of radionuclides with the colloidal matter of underground waters taken from observation wells in the zone of impact of Lake Karachaiстатья

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[1] Association of radionuclides with the colloidal matter of underground waters taken from observation wells in the zone of impact of lake karachai / A. P. Novikov, S. N. Kalmykov, T. A. Goryachenkova et al. // Radiochemistry. — 2009. — Vol. 51, no. 6. — P. 644–648. Associations of radionuclides with colloidal particles of various sizes, isolated from underground waters of the Lake Karachai contamination area, were studied. Analysis by photon correlation spectroscopy showed that the total content of colloidal matter in deeper horizons is higher by an order of magnitude than in near-surface horizons. The mean particle radius also increases with the depth. The major fraction of Pu, Am, and Cm is associated with colloids (40-90%). U and Np are associated with colloidal particles to a lesser extent (2-20%), which determines their higher migration mobility in underground waters. The amount of actinides associated with coarse colloidal particles of size from 450 to 200 nm is insignificant. A considerable fraction of actinides is in the deep-lying water (depth ≥40 m) is associated with colloidal particles of size from 200 to 50 nm. No more than 30% of Pu and Am in water of these horizons is associated with finer colloids (from 10 kDa to 50 nm). With approaching the surface, the amount of actinides in the fraction of nanometer-sized particles (50 nm-10 kDa) increases (to 50%). © 2009 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. [ DOI ]

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