Structure of low-silica glasses in the K2O-Nb2O5-SiO2 systemстатья

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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 17 декабря 2015 г.

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[1] Structure of low-silica glasses in the k2o-nb2o5-sio2 system / P. D. Sarkisov, A. Paleari, V. N. Sigaev et al. // Theoretical Foundations of Chemical Engineering. — 2013. — Vol. 47, no. 1. — P. 1–9. The nanostructure and nonlinear optical properties of high-niobium glasses in the (1 - x)KNbO3-xSiO(2) system with an SiO2 content x = 0.05-0.35 have been studied by small-angle neutron scattering (SANS), electron microscopy (EM), and second-optical-harmonic generation (SHG). Vitreous samples are manufactured by the methods of fast melt cooling (pressing with metal plates and quenching between rotating rolls). Glasses with x < 0.12 have been established to form a micro-inhomogeneous structure in the form of silica-enriched regions at the cooling rates used. According to SANS data, quenched glasses with x > 0.2 are homogeneous, but form a silica-enriched nanostructure after thermal treatments. At temperatures below similar to T (g) + 50A degrees C, silica-enriched regions manifest a very slight tendency to grow, whereas, according to SANS and X-ray diffraction data, their chemical composition is observed to shift appreciably towards SiO2 with thermal treatment. The obtained data on an inhomogeneous structure allows us to clarify the complicated character of the previously revealed dependence T (g) (x). Nano-inhomogeneous transparent samples produce a weak SHG signal, which indicates the quasi-periodic modulation of the chemical composition and, correspondingly, polarizability, in the volume of glass. The nonlinear optical phase KNbO3 precipitates at later stages of crystallization, when a glass loses its transparency. In this case, the SHG signal is amplified by several orders of magnitude. [ DOI ]

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