Morphological and molecular data on the origin of angiosperms: on a way to a synthesisстатья

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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 18 июля 2013 г.

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1. sokolofftimonin.pdf sokolofftimonin.pdf 13,9 МБ 2 января 2014 [Sokoloff-v]

[1] Sokoloff D. D., Timonin A. C. Morphological and molecular data on the origin of angiosperms: on a way to a synthesis // ЖУРНАЛ ОБЩЕЙ БИОЛОГИИ. — 2007. — Vol. 68, no. 2. — P. 83–97. Sokoloff D.D. , Timonin A.C. MORPHOLOGICAL AND MOLECULAR DATA ON THE ORIGIN OF ANGIOSPERMS: ON A WAY TO A SYNTHESIS Molecular phylogenetic data have drastically changed the views on the phylogeny of higher plants. All the extant gymnosperms were asserted as a monophyletic group opposed to the highly isolated angiosperms. The 'Anthophyte Theory' was thus rejected. The identification and analysis of gymnosperm orthologues of genes regulating flower development in angiosperms resulted in the formulation of the 'Mostly Male Theory' of the evolutionary origin of flower; this theory does not contradict the concept of monophyly of all the extant gymnosperms. The Mostly Male Theory assumes that the origin of angiosperms was caused by a loss of the Needle family gene that effected ovuliferous (female) organs and the translocation of the ovules onto the adaxial side of some of the (male) leafy microsporangiophores. Having acquired ovules, the former microsporangiophores started evolving into the carpels. The prerequisite bisexual design of the ancestral fructification thus becomes unnecessary. Indeed, this assumption suggests the deriving of Angiosperms from any gymnosperm plant with leafy microsporangiophores. The problem of carpel origin has subsequently changed to some degree into the problem of the origin of the bitegmic anatropous ovule presumably inherent in ancestral Angiosperms. The Mostly Male Theory considered either Corystospermataceae (= Umkomasiaceae) or Caytoniaceae to be the forerunners of such an ovule. Yet the capsules of Corystospermataceae distinctly differ from angiosperm ovules in the locations of their adaxial/abaxial sides, while Caytoniaceae had no leafy microsporangiophores. This inconsistency suggests that functions of the Needle family regulatory genes in Gymnosperms should be much better understood to appraise properly both the possibilities and the consequences of their hypothetical loss by the emerging angiosperms. Moreover, the extant gymnosperm groups are actually held as monophyletic and contrasted to Angiosperms on the basis of analysing the unrepresentative scant remnants of these, mostly extinct, taxa. Therefore, traditional botanical and paleobotanical data should not be rejected. In any case, Meyen's idea angiosperm origin from Bennettitales is worth being retained as a hypothesis to be tested with new results of both paleobotany and molecular biology.

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