Amphipathic CRAC-Containing Peptides Derived from the Influenza Virus A M1 Protein Modulate Cholesterol-Dependent Activity of Cultured IC-21 Macrophagesстатья Перевод

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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 28 сентября 2018 г.

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[1] Amphipathic crac-containing peptides derived from the influenza virus a m1 protein modulate cholesterol-dependent activity of cultured ic-21 macrophages / A. Y. Dunina-Barkovskaya, K. S. Vishnyakova, A. O. Golovko et al. // Biochemistry (Moscow). — 2018. — Vol. 83, no. 8. — P. 982–991. Entry of many viral and bacterial pathogens into host cells depends on cholesterol and/or cholesterol-enriched domains (lipid rafts) in the cell membrane. Earlier, we showed that influenza virus A matrix protein M1 contains amphipathic α-helices with exposed cholesterol-recognizing amino acid consensus (CRAC) motifs. In order to test possible functional activity of these motifs, we studied the effects of three synthetic peptides corresponding to the CRAC-containing α-helices of the viral M1 protein on the phagocytic activity of cultured mouse IC-21 macrophages. The following peptides were used: LEVLMEWLKTR (M1 α-helix 3, a.a. 39–49; further referred to as peptide 1), NNMDKAVKLYRKLK (M1 α-helix 6, a.a. 91–105; peptide 2), and GLKNDLLENLQAYQKR (M1 α-helix 13, a.a. 228–243; peptide 3). We found that all three peptides modulated interactions of IC-21 macrophages with non-opsonized 2-μm target particles. The greatest effect was demonstrated by peptide 2: in the presence of 35 μM peptide 2, the phagocytic index of IC-21 macrophages exceeded the control value by 60%; 10–11 mM methyl-β-cyclodextrin abolished this effect. Peptides 1 and 3 exerted weak inhibitory effect in a narrow concentration range of 5–10 μM. The dose-response curves could be approximated by a sum of two (stimulatory and inhibitory) components with different Hill coefficients, suggesting existence of at least two peptide-binding sites with different affinities on the cell surface. CD spectroscopy confirmed that the peptides exhibit structural flexibility in solutions. Altogether, our data indicate that amphipathic CRAC-containing peptides derived from the viral M1 protein modulate lipid raft-dependent processes in IC-21 macrophages. [ DOI ]

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