Strategy of protection against hazardous channel and hydrological processes in rivers of developed territories and territories with focal developmentстатья

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[1] Strategy of protection against hazardous channel and hydrological processes in rivers of developed territories and territories with focal development / A. S. Zavadsky, V. V. Surkov, P. P. Golovlev et al. // Geography and tourism. — 2018. — Vol. 6, no. 1. — P. 33–44. Abstract: In 2012-2015, the Makkaveev Research Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Fluvial Processes of MSU, Department of Geography, carried out a research, including analysis of hydrological and channel regimes of the Tom river in the Kuznetsk basin (Kuzbass) and the Katun river up to Uimonsky (the Altai), intra-mountain drainage basins, the survey of floodpiains and eroded banks, and modelling of floods occurring in floodplains. As a result, a concept has been developed to improve protection measures against hazardous hydrological and channel processes. More than 200 engineering and organisational events were suggested as part of the concept. Given the dense network of river banks and the high potential damage caused by floods in Kuzbass, the continuous protection of cities, large residential and commercial areas, as well as sections of roads and railways subject to erosion is a priority in the flood control concept In the case of the Katun river basin, characterized by local development, low population density, and relatively small damage caused by floods, the emphasis is put on organisational measures: prevention, evacuation of people and property, insurance and compensation. Selective engineering structures should, as a matter of priority, reduce the dangerous erosion of river banks and ensure a high level of protection of the territory against floods. Keywords: mountain rivers, floods, erosion of river banks, flood protection. [ DOI ]

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