Multicolor Photometry and Spectroscopy of the Yellow Supergiant with Dust Envelope HD 179821 = V1427 Aquilaeстатья

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1. AL457.pdf AL457.pdf 1,0 МБ 8 сентября 2018 [Ikonnikova]

[1] Multicolor photometry and spectroscopy of the yellow supergiant with dust envelope hd 179821 = v1427 aquilae / N. P. Ikonnikova, O. G. Taranova, V. P. Arkhipova et al. // Astronomy Letters. — 2018. — Vol. 44, no. 7. — P. 457–473. We present the results of multicolor (UBV JHKLM) photometry (2009–2017) and low-resolution spectroscopy (2016–2017) of the semi-regular variable V1427 Aql = HD 179821, a yellow supergiant with gas-dust envelope. The star displays low-amplitude (ΔV <0m. 2) semi-periodic brightness variations superimposed on a long-term trend. The light curve shape and timescale change from cycle to cycle. There are temperature variations characteristic for pulsations; brightness oscillations with no significant change of color are also observed. TheUBV data for the 2009-2011 interval are well reproduced by a superposition of two periodic components with P=170 d and 141 d (or P=217 d — the one year alias of P=141 d). The variation became less regular after 2011, the timescale increased and exceeded 250 d. Unusual photometric behavior was seen in 2015 when the star brightness increased by 0m. 25 in the V filter in 130 days and reached the maximum value ever observed in the course of our monitoring since 1990. In 2009–2016 the annual average brightness monotonically increased in V, J, K, whereas it decreased in U and B. The annual average U − B, B − V, and J − K colors grew, the star was getting redder. The cooling and expanding of the star photosphere along with the increasing of luminosity may explain the long-term trend in brightness and colors. Based on our photometric data we suppose that the photosphere temperature decreased by ∼400 K in the 2008–2016 interval, the radius increased by ∼24 %, and the luminosity grew by ∼19 %. We review the change of annual average photometric data for almost 30 years of observations. Low-resolution spectra in the λ4000−9000 ˚A wavelength range obtained in 2016–2017 indicate significant changes in the spectrum of V1427 Aql as compared with the 1994–2008 interval, i.e., the Ba II and near-infrared Ca II triplet absorptions have gotten stronger while the OI λ7771-4 triplet blend has weakened that points out the decrease of temperature in the region where the absorptions are formed. The evolutionary stage of the star is discussed. We also compare V1427 Aql with post-AGB stars and yellow hypergiants. [ DOI ]

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