Relationship between pressure variations at the ocean bottom and the acceleration of its motion during a submarine earthquakeстатья

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[1] Relationship between pressure variations at the ocean bottom and the acceleration of its motion during a submarine earthquake / M. A. Nosov, V. A. Karpov, S. V. Kolesov et al. // Earth, Planets and Space. — 2018. — Vol. 70. — P. 1–13. The data provided by ten DONET deep-sea observatories, that on March 11, 2011, registered the Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami, were used for investigation of the relationship between variations of the ocean bottom pressure and three-component accelerograms. Methods of cross-spectral analysis revealed the existence of a frequency range of “forced oscillations,” within which pressure variations are proportional to the vertical component of the acceleration. This proportionality is manifested by the magnitude-squared coherence (MSC) being close to unity and a phase lag (PL) practically equal to zero. The spectral analysis method showed the proportionality coefficient to be equal the mass of a water column of unit area at the installation point of the observatory or, approximately, to the product of the water density and the ocean depth. The observed boundaries of the frequency range of “forced oscillations” are revealed to correspond to the theoretical frequency values confining the manifestation of surface gravity and acoustic waves in pressure variations near the ocean bottom. The hypothesis is put forward that the small deviations of MSC from unity and of PL from zero observed by a number of stations within the range of “forced oscillations” are due to the contribution of horizontal movements of nearby submarine slopes. A theoretical analysis has been performed of the problem of forced oscillations of a water layer in a basin of varying depth. A formula is obtained that relates pressure variations at the ocean bottom to acceleration components of the bottom motion and the bottom slope. The pressure in the region of forced oscillations is shown to decrease exponentially with the distance from the moving segment of the ocean bed, so pressure variations, originating from movements of the bottom, are registered effectively by a gauge at the ocean bottom only within a radius less than 1–2 ocean depths. A cross-spectral analysis of pressure variations and of three-component accelerograms confirmed the hypothesis concerning the contribution of horizontal movements of nearby submarine slopes to pressure variations. [ DOI ]

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