Nanodefects of membranes cause destruction of packed red blood cells during long-term storageстатья

Информация о цитировании статьи получена из Scopus, Web of Science
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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 9 декабря 2015 г.

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[1] Nanodefects of membranes cause destruction of packed red blood cells during long-term storage / Е. Kozlova, А. Chernysh, V. Moroz et al. // Experimental Cell Research. — 2015. — Vol. 337, no. 2. — P. 192–201. Packed red blood cells (PRBC) are used for blood transfusion. PRBC were stored for 30 days under 4 oС in hermetic blood bags with CPD anticoagulant-preservative solution. Hematocrit was 50-55%. The distortions of PRBC membranes nanostructure and cells morphology during storage were studied by atomic force microscopy. Basic measurements were performed at the day 2, 6, 9, 16, 23 and 30 of storage and additionally 2-3 days after it. Topological defects occurred on RBC membranes by day 9. They appeared as domains with grain-like structures ("grains") sized up to 200 nm. These domains were appeared in almost all cells. Later these domains merged and formed large defects on cells. It was the formation of domains with the "grains" which was onset process leading eventually to destruction of PRBC. Possible mechanisms of transformation of PRBC and their membrane are related to the alterations of spectrin cytoskeleton. During this storage period potassium ions and lactat concentrations increased, pH decreased, intracellular concentration of reduced glutathione diminished in the preservative solution. Changes of PRBC morphology were detected within the entire period of PRBC storage. Discocytes predominated at the days 1 and 2. By day 30 PRBC transformed into irreversible echinocytes and spheroechinocytes. Study of defects of membranes nanostructure may form the basis of assessing the quality of the stored PRBC. This method may allow to work out the best recommendations for blood transfusion. [ DOI ]

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