Biological oxygen demand in soils and hydrogel compositions for plant protection of the rhizosphereстатья

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Дата последнего поиска статьи во внешних источниках: 4 октября 2018 г.

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[1] Smagin A. V. Biological oxygen demand in soils and hydrogel compositions for plant protection of the rhizosphere // IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. — 2018. — Vol. 121, no. 022038. — P. 022038. Potential biological activity of mineral and organogenic samples from light-textured sod-podzolic soils as well as of hydrogel compositions for protecting the root layer from pathogenic microflora and unfavorable edaphic factors were studied in laboratory conditions by oxygen consumption under the optimal hydrothermic conditions with portable gas analyzers. We have conducted ecological standardization of biological activity and organic matter destruction estimated by biological oxygen demand (BOD) in the widespread sandy soils. The primary outcome was the scale of gradations of biological oxygen uptake in soils with a range of quantities of potential biological activity from "very low" (<2 g∙m–3∙hour–1) to "extremely high" (>140 g∙m–3∙hour–1), obtained on the basis of statistical processing of data array 1308 measurements. Acrylic polymer hydrogels had BOD =0.2-2 g∙m–3∙hour–1, which corresponded to the periods of their half-lives from 0.2±0.1 to 6.8± 4.5 years, or relatively low resistance to biodestruction. In contrast to the pure gels, hydrogel compositions for rhizosphere based on ionic and colloidal silver showed low biological activity (BOD=0.01-0.2 g∙m–3∙ hour–1) and, accordingly, significant resistance to biodegradation with half-lives from 5 to 70 years and above. [ DOI ]

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